Early Years Foundation Stage – EYFS


The characteristics of effective learning for pupils with complex learning difficulties
and disabilities in the early years foundation stage (EYFS)

Practitioners must also ‘reflect on the different ways that children learn and reflect these in their practice’ (Statutory Framework for EYFS DfE 2017 1.9).

The three Characteristics of Effective Learning in EYFS are:

    • Playing and Exploring – Engagement
    • Active Learning – Motivation
    • Creating and Thinking Critically – Thinking




    • Introduction – Rationale, Background and How to use the recording sheets
    • Playing and Exploring – Engagement
    • Active Learning – Motivation
      Creating and Thinking Critically – Thinking
    • A Case Study from Brookfields School in Reading


Click here to download the document

The materials are designed to be flexible, please adapt them and use them in any way that is useful to you! Any feedback on how you have found these materials and how you have used them would be gratefully received. Please email feedback to admin@equalsoffice.co.uk

There is a growing body of evidence that supports the idea that individual learning styles and differences in how young children approach learning affects their later achievements in school
(Stewart, 2011; Bronson, 2000).

The long-term effects of developing positive learning characteristics in the early years are profound (Tickell, 2011), and the Characteristics of Effective Teaching and Learning are integral to the EYFS standards for learning and development. Current requirements are that Year One teachers must be given a copy of each child’s Profile report at the end of EYFS to include a commentary on the child’s skills and abilities in relation to the three key characteristics of learning.



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